Before we mention about the blessed birth of the
great universal reformer and the hope of humanity, the great leader of
the people, the Awaited Imam (a.s), it would be most fitting to mention
in brief about the exalted family and genealogy of the holy Imam (a.s),
and the true loftiness and exaltedness that is present in this pure
family tree and is the source of heavenly light. He it is who would
illuminate the horizon of the world and eradicate oppression and
darkness of ignorance and stupidity and destroy the mischief-makers and
their centers of destruction and oppression.
Honorable father of Imam Mahdi (a.s)
eleventh of the Imams of guidance is Imam Hasan Askari (a.s). Like all
the Imams, he was the source of contemplation and awakening of the
Islamic world and one who made the people proximate to God, one who
entreats and pleads in the court of the Lord of the world.According
to unanimity of historians and biographers, Imam Hasan Askari (a.s) was
the greatest personality of Islam of his time and the leader of
opposition of the usurper and oppressor Abbaside ruler, whose rule was
based on injustice and the rights of the people were being trampled
The Abbaside rule kept on increasing pressure and force on the
Imam (a.s) till they finally imprisoned the Holy Imam. And he was
forcibly taken to Samarrah and put under surveillance and house arrest.
Every type of communication between the Imam and his Shias was stopped.
The complete life history of this holy Imam has been discussed by us in
the book, Life of Imam Hasan Askari (a.s). In the forthcoming discussion
we would again touch upon some aspects of his blessed life.
Respected mother of Imam Mahdi (a.s)
genealogy of the respected mother of the Awaited Imam can be traced to
the great Roman personalities on the basis of traditional reports and
clear statements of the historians. She was the daughter of Yusha whose
genealogy goes back to Caesar of Rome. In the same way her mother's
lineage could be traced to Simon, the successor and one of the
companions of Prophet Isa (a.s).
This chaste lady is one of the
greatest lady of the Muslims by way of purity, faith and chastity, and
she is the mother of the greatest reformer of human society after his
honorable forefathers, throughout history. This alone is sufficient for
her from the viewpoint of dignity and honor.
In spite of the fact
that Imam Hasan Askari (a.s) himself possessed absolute perfections and
virtues, he used to accord utmost respect to this esteemed lady, just as
the respected aunt of His Eminence, Askari (a.s) paid due honor to her
since her nephew informed her that the Awaited Imam would be born
The name of Imam Mahdi's Mother
have mentioned the following good names of this honorable lady:
Susan-Raihana- Narjis- Saqeel- Khamt.From the aspect of her
being pregnant with the holy effulgence of the Promised Mahdi and that
she was the mother of that respectable personality she was surrounded by
effulgence and light, therefore she was addressed by these blessed
names.In Praise of Imam Mahdi's Mother In history a part of
traditional reports and narrations of the Imam of guidance is recorded
in praise of this honored lady. We mention below a few of them.
the final stages of the Battle of Naharwan the matter of the advent and
reappearance was presented before His Eminence, Amirul Momineen (a.s).
Ali (a.s) praised and glorified the mother of Imam Mahdi (a.s) and said
thus:"O Son of the best of the maidservants! How long would you waita I
give good news of a near victory from the Merciful Lord."
Abu Basir, a student of the school of Ahle Bayt says, "I asked Imam
Sadiq (a.s), 'O Son of the Messenger of Allah (a.s)! Who is the Qaim
among you Ahle Bayta' He replied: 'O Abu Basir! He is my fifth
descendant from my son, Musa (a.s). He would be the son of the chief of
the maidservants and the greatest of ladies. He would go into an
occultation and the followers of falsehood would doubt in him. After
that, the Almighty Allah would make him reappear, and conquer the east
and west of the earth through his powerful hands.'"
the son of Asaam, through his own chain of narrators narrates from Abu
Basir (a.s) that he quotes Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s) or Imam Ja'far
as-Sadiq (a.s) that he said, "There are two signs in His Eminence, Qaim
(a.s), a black spot on the head and a black spot between the shoulders,
just as the leaf of the sweet basil. He is the son of the female
prisoner and the best of maidservants."
History mentions numerous
narrative reports of such kinds from the Imams of Ahle Bayt (a.s)
describing the lofty station of this exalted lady and her greatness and
majesty. Inspite of the fact that she was a slave maid there is no
negative effect in her status because the great religion of Islam has
destroyed and eradicated all types of criteria, standards and baseless
veils and made piety and obedience of the Lord of the world to be a
distinction and merit.
Manifestation of the light of the Imam of the time (a.s)The
sky and the atmosphere of the world became illuminated by the birth of
the great reformer who would once again create the grandeur and bounty
of Islam for the people and save them from the darknesses of oppression
Among the greatest of bounties of Almighty Allah
upon His Eminence, Mahdi (a.s) was that his presence in the womb of his
mother and his birth was kept concealed like that of Prophet Musa Ibne
Imran (a.s). Historians state that Imam Hasan Askari invited his aunt,
Hakima the daughter of Imam Jawwad (a.s) to his house, who was an
Alawite lady of a very pious character. Her chastity and purity closely
resembled that of her honorable grandmother, Fatima Zahra (s.a.). When
she arrived at the residence of her nephew, Imam Hasan Askari (a.s), he
welcomed her with utmost respect and said,“Auntie, be with us today
for breaking the fast. Very soon the Almighty Allah would gladden you as
a result of His Wali and Proof (Hujjat) on the people and my caliph
The whole being of the exalted lady became surrounded with
elation and joy just by hearing these words of the Imam and she said,
“O my master and chief! May I be sacrificed on you, from whom would the
caliph be borna”
Imam (a.s) replied, “From Susan (or Narjis).
Eminence, Hakima cast a glance at Susan but did not see any sign of
pregnancy in her. She turned to Imam (a.s) and said, “She is not
pregnant.” The Imam (a.s) smiled and said, “The pregnancy would be
manifested for you at dawn. Because her pregnancy has not become
apparent like that of the mother of Musa (a.s) and no one could learn
about it till the time of delivery. This was so because, the Pharaoh
used to have the bellies of expecting ladies cut open so that he could
get hold of Musa (a.s); and this newborn child is also like His
Eminence, Musa (a.s).”
When the time of evening prayer (Maghrib)
arrived, Lady Hakima recited the evening and night prayers. After that
she sat down with Lady Susan for breaking the fast. Later she went to
sleep. She awoke during the night and glanced at Susan but again saw no
sign of pregnancy and childbirth in her. When the last hours of the
night approached she arose and began to perform the Midnight (Shab)
Prayer. When she reached the one-unit ‘watr’ prayer, Susan, the chaste
lady, woke up from her sleep and also recited the Midnight Prayer. After
the prayers she began to feel labor pains. Lady Hakima approached the
honorable maid and asked, “Do you feel somethinga” She replied, “I am
feeling a severe thing.”
Lady Hakima addressed her with utmost
kindness and respect, “If Allah wills, there is no fear for you.” Not
much time passed when a beautiful male child was born from the womb of
his mother, Susan. The child who would purify the earth from
transgressors and oppressors and establish the rule of God over it.
Eminence, Imam Hasan Askari (a.s) was extremely overjoyed at the birth
of this blessed and fortunate child and he began to speak up in
refutation of the Abbaside rulers that they used to think that they
would be able to soon kill him and deprive the Imam from continuing his
progeny. He said in this way, “These cruel people thought that they
would kill me so that this progeny could be cut off. What an estimation
of God’s power they hada”
Performance of rituals connected with the new birth
Hakima took the newborn child of exalted rank to its honorable father,
Imam Hasan Askari (a.s) who welcomed him with great pleasure and joy and
initiated the Islamic rituals connected with the occasion. In the right
ear of the newborn child, the Imam recited the 'Azan' and in his left
recited the 'Iqamat'. Thus the first words to reach his ears were,
'God is the Greatest' and, 'There is no god, except Allah'.
fact, Imam Hasan Askari (a.s), by these words fed the child with the
secret of existence and the aim of the prophets and it resulted in
completely surrounding the heart with kindness, feelings and
understanding and at this moment the nascent divine child spoke up, like
among the past prophets Isa (a.s) had done, reciting the following
verse from the Holy Quran:"And we desired to bestow a favor upon
those who were deemed weak in the land, and make them the Imams, and to
make them the heirs…"
In this way, the Proof of Allah on people and
His Guardian (Wali) was born in such a concealed way due to the fear of
the oppressive rulers who were in severe pursuit to find and kill him.
Lady Hakima took him in her arms, kissed him and said, "I smelt such a
sweet fragrance from him as I had never before experienced."Imam
Hasan Askari (a.s) again took the child from Lady Hakima and said, "I am
entrusting you to the one whom Musa's mother had entrusted, Remain in
the care and protection of Allah."
Then he said to Lady Hakima,
"Auntie take him back to his mother, and keep the report of the birth of
this newborn child a secret and do not convey it to anyone till the
time is ripe for it…"
the birth of his blessed child, Imam Hasan Askari (a.s) ordered that a
large quantity of meat and bread be purchased and distributed among the
needy people of Samarrah. In this way seventy sheep were slaughtered for
his Aqiqa Ceremony from which four were dispatched to his friend,
Ibrahim along with the following letter: "In the name of Allah, the
Beneficent, the Merciful. These sheep are due to (the birth of) my son,
Muhammad Mahdi. Partake it yourself and whomsoever of our Shias you see,
make them partake it too."
Shias informed of the birth of the Imam of the time
Shias learnt of the birth of the Imam, Proof of Allah upon the people,
the awaited Imam, and they were overjoyed upon this news with their
whole beings. Among those who received the good tidings was Hamzah, son
of Abul Fath. He was told, "Good news! Yesterday, the Almighty Allah
bestowed, Abu Muhammad, Imam Hasan Askari (a.s) with a child, though the
holy Imam has ordered that this information be kept confidential."
Hamzah asked, "What is the name of the child?" He was told, "His name is Muhammad and agnomen, Abu Ja'far."
Felicitations for the birth of the Imam of the time
a result of the birth of Imam Mahdi (a.s) all the centers and
gatherings of Shias were in joy and exultation. Prominent personalities
and elders came to Imam Hasan Askari (a.s) in groups and congratulated
him for the birth of Imam Mahdi (a.s). One of them, Hasan, the son of
Husain Alawi says, "I came to Imam Hasan Askari (a.s) in Samarrah and
complimented him about the birth of his son, Qaim (one who rises)."
much time elapsed after the birth of the Holy Imam that Shias continued
to compliment and congratulate each other for the good news, and poets
composed couplets and poems on the festive occasion expressing their
joy. Shaykh Muhammad Samawi says,
"O the night that passed in the birth of that child.
By whom the atmosphere was mesmerized and his fragrance spread all around…"
those who composed eulogical poems on this occasion was Shaykh Kazim
Aale Nuh, the acknowledged and successful literary personality. He
writes in a panegyric thus,
"Good news arrived on this great night.
Of the one who is as great as this night."
- Bihar, 13/5
- Bihar, 13/5
- Matalib as Soo-ol fi Manaqib Aale Rasool, Bihar, 13/7
- Bihar, 13/6
- Wafayatul Ayaan, Al Irshad
- Miraatuz Zamaan
- Bihar Al-Anwar
- Yanabiul Mawaddah
- Ghaibat Nomani
- Bihar 13/5
- Bihar 13/10
- Call for Prayer
- Shorter call for prayer
- Allaho Akbar
- Laa ilaaha illallaah
- Surah Qasas 28:5
- Bihar, 13/7
- Bihar, 13/10
- Bihar, 13/4
- Bihar, 13/6, Ghaybah, Shaykh Tusi
- Minanur Rahman, 2/233